Terminology

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Abbreviations[edit]

AD
Ancylostoma duodenale. A species of roundworm, aka the Old World hookworm, that is not suitable for use in helminthic therapy. Wikipedia:Ancylostoma duodenale
ASD
Autism spectrum disorder.
CD
Crohn's disease, also known as regional enteritis, is an inflammatory disease of the intestines that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus, causing a wide variety of symptoms. It primarily causes abdominal pain, diarrhea (which may be bloody if inflammation is at its worst), vomiting, or weight loss, but may also cause complications outside the gastrointestinal tract such as skin rashes, arthritis, inflammation of the eye, tiredness, and lack of concentration.
CRP
C-reactive protein is an inflammation marker but is not a reliable indicator of inflammation, especially in chronic inflammatory disorders.
EE
EoE
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an allergic inflammatory condition of the esophagus. Symptoms are difficulty swallowing, food impaction and heartburn. The disease was first described in children but also occurs in adults. It is not well understood, but food allergy may play a significant role.
EV
Enterobius vermicularis. Enterobius vermicularis
FMT
Fecal Microbiota Transplant. Wikipedia:Fecal microbiota transplant
GI
Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine concerned with disorders of the digestive system which includes all the organs of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (alimentary canal) from mouth to anus. Physicians practicing in this field of medicine are called gastroenterologists or GI specialists.
HINT
Helminth-Induced Immunomodulation Therapy. This term was adopted by researchers investigating the effects of TSO in patients with MS. [1]
HD
Hymenolepis diminuta, a murine (rat) tapeworm.
HDC
HDCs
Hymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta
HK
hookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus
HT
helminthic therapy
HW
HWs
hw
hws
hookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus
IBD
Inflammatory bowel disease is a group of conditions affecting the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, particularly the colon and small intestine. The major types of IBD are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis (UC).
IBS
Irritable bowel syndrome is a widespread condition involving recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhoea or constipation. Wikipedia:Irritable Bowel Syndrome
LDN
low-dose naltrexone. Wikipedia:Low-dose naltrexone
MCAD
Mast cell activation disorder, also known as mast cell activation syndrome (MCAS). An immunological condition. Wikipedia:Mast cell activation syndrome
MCAS
Mast cell activation syndrome, also referred to as mast cell activation disorder (MCAD). An immunological condition. Wikipedia:Mast cell activation syndrome
MCS
Multiple Chemical Sensitivity is a chronic physical illness affecting people of all ages and backgrounds. It involves allergic-type reactions to very low levels of chemicals in everyday products and often also sensitivity to food, medicines, moulds and electromagnetic fields. A review of a two-phase population study of multiple chemical sensitivities
MD
Doctor of Medicine (MD, from the Latin Medicinæ Doctor meaning "Teacher of Medicine").
MS
Multiple sclerosis (also known as disseminated sclerosis) is a chronic, typically progressive disease involving damage to the sheaths of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, whose symptoms may include numbness, impairment of speech and of muscular coordination, blurred vision and severe fatigue.
NA
the human hookworm, Necator americanus
TS
the porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis
TSO
the ova (eggs) of the porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis
TT
the human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura
TTO
the ova (eggs) of the human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura
UC
Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which specifically affects the large intestine, or colon, causing characteristic ulcers, or open sores. The main symptom of active disease is constant diarrhea mixed with blood, of gradual onset.
WW
whipworm, referring either to the human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura, or the porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis

Common Terms[edit]

Ancylostoma duodenale
A species of roundworm, aka the Old World hookworm, that is "not" used in helminthic therapy. Wikipedia:Ancylostoma duodenale
Anthelmintic
anthelmintic
Anthelmintics
anthelmintics
Anthelminthic
anthelminthic
Anthelminthics
anthelminthics
Antihelmintic
antihelmintic
Antihelmintics
antihelmintics
Antihelminthic
antihelminthic
Antihelminthics
antihelminthics
A substance capable of eliminating or destroying intestinal worms.
Ascaris
A species of helminth that is unsuitable for helminthic therapy, e.g., Ascaris lumbricoides.
Biome Reconstitution
Biome reconstitution
biome reconstitution
An alternative term for helminthic therapy taken from a seminal publication by Prof William Parker [2] and used as the title of a citizen science Facebook group for discussion of issues relating to the epidemic of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases afflicting humans in the late 20th and 21st centuries. [3]
Biome Restoration
Biome restoration
biome restoration.
An alternative term for helminthic therapy that has been adopted by one helminth provider as the name of their business. [4]
Commensals
commensals
Commensal
commensal
Commensalism
commensalism
Commensalism is a relationship between two organisms where one benefits from the other without affecting it.
Crohn's disease
Also known as regional enteritis, this is an inflammatory disease of the intestines that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus, causing a wide variety of symptoms. It primarily causes abdominal pain, diarrhea (which may be bloody if inflammation is severe), vomiting or weight loss, but may also cause complications outside the gastrointestinal tract such as skin rashes, arthritis, inflammation of the eye, tiredness and lack of concentration.
cysticerci
The larval (immature) stage of a tapeworm.
Dyspepsia
Also known as upset stomach or indigestion, refers to a condition of impaired digestion. It is characterized by chronic or recurrent pain in the upper abdomen, upper abdominal fullness and feeling full earlier than expected when eating. It can be accompanied by bloating, belching, nausea, or heartburn.
Endoscopy
endoscopy
Examination using an endoscope - an instrument used to view the interior of a hollow organ or cavity within the body.
Enterobius
Enterobius vermicularis
E. vermicularis
A human helminth known as 'pinworm' in the US, and 'threadworm' in the UK.
Eosinophils
eosinophils
Eosinophil
eosinophil
Eosinophils are a specialised type of white blood cell with a variety of both harmful and beneficial functions. Their numbers rise temporarily following inoculation with helminths.
Exudate
exudate
Cells and fluid that seep out of blood vessels during inflammation.
Helminths
helminths
Helminth
helminth
An intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. Wikipedia:Helminths
Helminth Replacement Therapy
Helminth replacement therapy
helminth replacement therapy
An alternative term for helminthic therapy, emphasising its role in correcting the loss of beneficial species caused by modern hygiene practices.
Helminthic Therapy
Helminthic therapy
helminthic therapy
Helminth Therapy
Helminth therapy
helminth therapy
The reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat or prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immune-related disorders, including allergy.
Holobiome
holobiome
A broad term referring to the hundreds of trillions of bacteria, viruses, fungi, molds and protozoa that live in, on and around the human body. It's also the name adopted by a biotech research company. [5]
Hookworms
hookworms
Hookworm
hookworm
A helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin.
Hymenolepis diminuta
H. diminuta
A murine (rat) tapeworm used in helminthic therapy that generally does not mature in humans and is taken as cysticerci (HDC) in a drink every 2 or 3 weeks.
Hymenolepis nana
H. nana
A species of murine (rat) tapeworm closely related to Hymenolepis diminuta but not suitable for use in therapy because it can reproduce within a host and spread person-to-person. Also known as Dwarf tapeworm.
inoculation
The introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. Helminth inoculation
larvae
larva
The active immature form of an insect, or an animal such as a helminth, which develops from an egg and eventually transforms again into its adult state.
macrobiome
All the macroorganisms living in and on the body, or the genome of these macroorganisms. "Macrobiota" refers to the specific population of macroorganisms living in a certain part of the body, such as the gut. These two terms are often used interchangeably.
macrobiota
The specific population of macroorganisms living in a certain part of the body, such as the gut. "Macrobiome" refers to all the macroorganisms living in and on the body, or the genome of these macroorganisms. These two terms are often used interchangeably.
Macroorganisms
macroorganisms
Macroorganism
macroorganism
An organism that can be seen by the naked eye, e.g., a mature helminth.
McMaster egg count
A method of counting parasite eggs in a faecal sample.
Microbes
microbes
Microbe
microbe
A microorganism, especially a bacterium that causes disease or fermentation.
microbiome
All the microorganisms living in and on the body, or the genome of these microorganisms. "Microbiota" refers to the specific population of microorganisms living in a certain part of the body, such as the gut. These two terms are often used interchangeably.
microbiota
The specific population of microorganisms living in a certain part of the body, such as the gut. "Microbiome" refers to all the microorganisms living in and on the body, or the genome of these microorganisms. These two terms are often used interchangeably.
Microorganisms
microorganisms
Microorganism
microorganism
A microscopic organism, especially a bacterium, virus or fungus.
Mutualists
mutualists
Mutualist
mutualist
Mutualistic
mutualistic
Mutualism
mutualism
Mutualism is a type of symbiotic relationship between individuals of different species where each organism benefits from the other.
Necator americanus
necator americanus
The species of human hookworm used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin.
Nematoda
nematoda
Nematode
nematode
Nematodes
nematodes
A category of worms with slender, unsegmented, cylindrical bodies that include roundworms and threadworms.
O&P Test
"Ova and Parasites" or "Ova, cysts, and Parasites" are typical names for a pathology test of faeces (stool) that can reveal the presence of parasites, including hookworms and whipworms. To be accurate, this needs to be carried out by someone with experience of looking for the eggs of these species, preferably at a School of Tropical Medicine. See: Stool testing (egg counting)
Paracetamol
paracetamol
Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
Parasite
parasite
Parasites
parasites
Parasitic
parasitic
An organism that lives in or on another organism (its host) and benefits at the host’s expense. (The organisms used in helminthic therapy are, strictly speaking, not parasites, but mutualists, because they have a mutually beneficial symbiotic relationship with their hosts.)
Pasteurian
Pasteurians
Pasteurianism
Post-Pasteurian
Post-Pasteurians
Post-Pasteurianism
post-Pasteurian
post-Pasteurians
post-Pasteurianism
According to Paxson [6], Pasteurians and post-Pasteurians both appreciate hygiene, but Pasteurians are hyper-hygienic and view the natural world as dangerously unruly and in need of human control. Post-Pasteurians are more discriminating, insisting that not all bugs are bad and that many can actually enhance human life.
Pinworm
pinworm
Refers to Enterobius vermicularis in the US, and to Strongyloides stercoralis in the UK.
Probiotic
probiotic
Probiotics
probiotics
Microorganisms that are believed to provide health benefits when consumed.
re-worming
reworming
Reintroducing worms to a helminth-deficient biome.
Self-treatment
self-treatment
Medication or treatment of one's own disease or condition without medical assistance.
Self-treater
self-treater
Someone who treats their own disease or condition without medical assistance.
Serous drainage
serous drainage
Clear, thin, watery plasma released during the inflammatory stage of wound healing.
Strongyloides stercoralis
S. stercoralis
The roundworm that causes strongyloidiasis and is known as 'pinworm' in the UK and 'threadworm' in the US. Infection with S. stercoralis can be fatal.
Suppuration
suppuration
Puss formed as a result of bacterial infection.
Symbionts
symbionts
Symbiont
symbiont
Symbiosis
symbiosis
Symbiotic
symbiotic
Obligatory symbionts
obligatory symbionts
Obligatory symbiont
obligatory symbiont
Obligatory symbiosis
obligatory symbiosis
Ectosymbionts
ectosymbionts
Ectosymbiont
ectosymbiont
Ectosymbiosis
ectosymbiosis
Symbiosis is a close, long-term relationship between organisms of different species. Helminths are obligatory symbionts because they depend entirely on their host for survival, and they are also ectosymbionts because they live on their host’s body surface, albeit the inner surface of the digestive tract. The species used in helminthic therapy are also mutualists.
Tapeworms
tapeworms
Tapeworm
tapeworm
A helminth with a flat, ribbon-like, segmented body. Only the murine (rat) tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta, is used in helminthic therapy and this generally does not reach adulthood in humans so requires regular dosing of HDC.
Threadworm
threadworm
Refers to Strongyloides stercoralis in the US, and to Enterobius vermicularis in the UK.
Trichuris trichiura
The human whipworm used in helminthic therapy and taken periodically as microscopic eggs (TTO) in a drink.
Trichuris suis
The porcine (pig) whipworm used in helminthic therapy and taken as microscopic eggs (TSO) in a drink every two weeks.
Ulcerative colitis
ulcerative colitis
Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which specifically affects the large intestine, or colon, causing characteristic ulcers, or open sores. The main symptom of active disease is constant diarrhea mixed with blood, of gradual onset.
vermifuge
A substance used to to expel worms or other animal parasites from the intestines.
vermicide
A substance used to kill worms, especially parasitic intestinal worms.
Whipworms
whipworms
Whipworm
whipworm
A helminth with a tapering whiplike body that lives in the colon. In helminthic therapy, the microscopic eggs of either the human Trichuris trichiura (TTO) or pig Trichuris suis (TSO) are taken in a drink.
Worm-flu
worm-flu
Worm flu
worm flu
The term commonly used to describe the set of symptoms sometimes experienced initially after inoculation with helminths (especially the hookworm, NA). Some of these symptoms mirror those caused by influenza - fever, cough, respiratory symptoms, chills, muscle or joint ache, fatigue, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting.
Worm therapy
worm therapy
The reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy.

General Terms[edit]

DIY
Do-It-Yourself. Literally to bypass the professional and do it yourself.
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