Difference between revisions of "Hookworm side effects"

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{{Quote|indent}}My latest symptom — at almost six weeks — is heightened sense of smell. I can literally smell the chlorine in tap water, which I don’t drink BTW, and subtle scents in clothes, towels, cloth napkins, etc. I can also taste the subtle differences in water. The spring water at my office tastes different than the filtered water I use at home. If water sits in a glass for any length of time, I can tell exactly which scents it has absorbed. At the moment, I could tell you what my downstairs neighbor is cooking for dinner! It’s incredible. Before, my sense of smell was pretty horrible, honestly. I couldn’t smell much of anything. Right now, I could get a job as a wine taster — if I could get rid of my histamine intolerance! [https://www.facebook.com/groups/htsupport/permalink/1874982289224384/?comment_id=1877405798982033&reply_comment_id=1877420212313925&comment_tracking=%7B%22tn%22%3A%22R2%22%7D]{{Quote|/indent}}
 
{{Quote|indent}}My latest symptom — at almost six weeks — is heightened sense of smell. I can literally smell the chlorine in tap water, which I don’t drink BTW, and subtle scents in clothes, towels, cloth napkins, etc. I can also taste the subtle differences in water. The spring water at my office tastes different than the filtered water I use at home. If water sits in a glass for any length of time, I can tell exactly which scents it has absorbed. At the moment, I could tell you what my downstairs neighbor is cooking for dinner! It’s incredible. Before, my sense of smell was pretty horrible, honestly. I couldn’t smell much of anything. Right now, I could get a job as a wine taster — if I could get rid of my histamine intolerance! [https://www.facebook.com/groups/htsupport/permalink/1874982289224384/?comment_id=1877405798982033&reply_comment_id=1877420212313925&comment_tracking=%7B%22tn%22%3A%22R2%22%7D]{{Quote|/indent}}
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{{Quote|indent}}A couple of days ago I went to an excercise class with a small group of ladies and I could smell the burning oils and the yoga mats and the blankets and the tea they were drinking. It has been decades since I could smell like that (I can’t remember the last time) and the only thing that I’ve done differently is start hosting (NA) about 5 weeks ago so I guess it may be the worms. [https://www.facebook.com/groups/htsupport/permalink/2251898131532796/?comment_id=2253378831384726&comment_tracking=%7B%22tn%22%3A%22R%22%7D]{{Quote|/indent}}
  
 
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Revision as of 21:16, 11 July 2019

Home>Using helminths>Hookworm side effects

Side effects overview

Side effects following the first dose

The first inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus can cause transient, dose-dependent side effects during the first 12 weeks. In most cases, the earliest that side effects might appear is on or after the 4th day but, occasionally, they may start from day 2 and might include coughing, respiratory symptoms, fatigue, diarrhoea, cramping, gas, nausea and vomiting - symptoms collectively known as "worm-fluThe term commonly used to describe the set of symptoms sometimes experienced initially after inoculation with helminths (especially the hookworm, NA). Some of these symptoms mirror those caused by [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza influenza] - fever, cough, respiratory symptoms, chills, muscle or joint ache, fatigue, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting.".

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I received 20 hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. in my initial dose… I had 36 hours with symptoms identical to the worst flu I've ever had in my life except I had no fever. That is I had vomiting, diarrhea, and a strange feeling like time was drifting over my head. [1]

All the side effects experienced following inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] are a result of the immune system responding to what it perceives to be an invading alien organism, and trying to get rid of this. The immune response involves an increase in eosinophilsEosinophils are a specialised type of white blood cell with a variety of both harmful and beneficial functions. Their numbers rise temporarily following inoculation with helminths. that usually begins in weeks 2-3 following inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation], then rises more rapidly from week 4 and peaks at around weeks 5-8, before dropping back to normal at about 14 weeks. This progression can be seen in the following graph, which also illustrates why higher numbers of larvaeThe active immature form of an insect, or an animal such as a helminth, which develops from an egg and eventually transforms again into its adult state. produce more severe side effects.

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Graphic taken from: Dose-ranging study for trials of therapeutic infection with Necator americanus in humans (PDF)

Since the side effects are dose-dependent, their severity can be minimised by commencing with a small dose. For much more detail about the best approach to hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. dosing, see the following page.

When the guidance to limit the size of doses is ignored, especially at the commencement of therapy with hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin., there is a risk of triggering severe side effects with potential safety concerns.

In addition to the side effects discussed on this page, the disease being treated can also flare during the first 12 weeks.

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I did have a flare in neuropsychiatric symptoms (which is the main thing I am trying to treat) around week 10. It cleared up in a week and a half. [2]

There may also be a reappearance of old injuries and illnesses (see this section, below), but, in most cases, all the side effects and exacerbations resolve between 12 and 14 weeks.

For what to expect in the days, weeks and months after first inoculating with hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin., including all the typical side effects, see the following page.

As well as being dose-dependent, the severity of side effects varies widely between individuals and is to some extent determined by the subject’s disease.

There is no reliable link between the presence or severity of side effects and eventual success with the therapy.

The list below gives more detail about some of the side effects. For other possible initial side effects, see this Helminthic Therapy Support group poll.

The 'bounce' - a very enjoyable side effect!

A much more welcome phenomenon that may be experienced by some new helminth self-treaters is the so-called 'bounce', which can provide a brief period of temporary, yet sometimes profound, symptom relief accompanied by a sudden feeling of unusual wellness, and perhaps also by a strong sense of calm, focus, happiness and lightheartedness. For more details, see the following page.

Side effects following supplementary doses

Once there are mature worms living in the gut, these help to modulate the immune response to any new worms that are added. Therefore, when side effects occur following supplementary doses, these usually reduce progressively with each successive dose, and are typically absent in the long term unless overly large doses are added.

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I had very sharp pain the first time. On the second, I am just getting a tightness in the same area. So quite different. [3]
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The first dose (25 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus) was extremely painful to the point I wanted to take anthelmintics to terminate them. The other doses (10, 25, 25) were gradually less painful. [4]
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I had a bad reaction of poor energy with my first and second innoculation, first one lasted quite a few weeks, second one less and now its not long at all... days if anything... [5]
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I noticed last time I did 10 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus and again this time I have done another 10 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus, that my hot flushes (hot flashes) that had virtually gone, have come back for I think it was the first 8 weeks or so (on and off). [6]

There are, however, a few individuals who do continue to experience side effects after inoculations in the long term.

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I still get a spike in inflammation when I take a new dose and I do the therapy for about 2 years now. It only is for a few days though and for me it’s a sign of a successful inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation]. [7]
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I have Graves' and I have symptom flares from that when I inoculate. I introduced 10 more NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus on March 12th and I've had disease symptoms flaring for the past week (second week of May). I'd expect them to continue for another month or so based on previous experience. [8]
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I feel dead tired for about 4 to 6 weeks following a hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation]. The peak of these effects happens at the 6 to 8 week mark. It can be really challenging. [9]
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Every time I apply HookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin., a couple of weeks (sometimes days) later I get a red left (or right, or sometimes both) eye(s). It happens 2-3 weeks after inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation], without any pain or itch, and persists for a very long time. (Edited from two posts: [10] [11])
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I got random skin inflammations and 1 or 2 "puffy eye" each time I upped my dosage. [12]
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My symptoms always seem to peak right at 8 weeks after a new inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with HWhookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus. Did 7 last time, and my left eye was swollen nearly shut this morning, plus lots of skin rashes and sores, and unhappy gut. And 3 days later I started 9 days of deep despair. I know it’s temporary, so I just hang on and get through it, but now I know 7 is too many. The inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] before this, I woke up exactly 8 weeks after inoculating, with both eyes swollen shut and the right one streaming gobs of goo. [13] [14]

The author of this last comment has also reported that her response to each inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] can be quite different, ranging from just a few symptoms to a complete melt down. [15] And new symptoms that appear following inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] can last anywhere from a couple of days to 6 months. [16]

Side effects in detail

Anaphylaxis

The chance of an anaphylactic reaction to helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. is extremely small, but it is possible, especially with large doses of hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin.. For more detail, see Helminthic therapy and anaphylaxis.

Anxiety

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Around day 15, I had severe anxiety for 2 days straight but nothing since. [17]

Body odour / body odor, increase in

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One really weird thing I've been noticing pretty much since I've innoculated is I'm sweating and actually have BO. I usually don't have any BO at all!

Claustrophobia

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The week I took my first dose of NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus, I had my first-ever experience with claustrophobia. I awoke in the middle of the night, feeling constrained. I got up, went outside, breathed big and deep, and the sensation passed. IIRC, it happened again the next night, but not as severely. It did not repeat itself after that. [18]

Constipation

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The constipation started a week after inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] and was suddenly gone on about day 20. [19]

Depression

Depression can present temporarily following the first inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation], and is most likely to appear in those with a pre-existing tendency to this condition.

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I have hit a patch of depression here at week 9 of my first inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with 3NA and I am feeling very bleak. [20]
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I also feel quite depressed, will be 9 weeks for me on Tuesday. [21]
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After first small group of NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus, I became much more depressed for about 10-12 weeks, then got back to previous mood level. [22]

Diarrhoea / diarrhea

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I was having bad diarrhea every day starting around week three or four. [23]

One self-treaterSomeone who treats their own disease or condition without medical assistance., who had a longstanding problem with diarrhoea, found that this became even worse for several months after a first dose of 15 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus.

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I had science fiction level diarrhea... took a few months to decrease.

Fatigue

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Horrible fatigue today… (at 2 days). [24] Too much fatigue, can't stand any more. This is simply unbearable… (at 4.5 weeks). [25] (Reported by a patient with CFS/ME, after inoculating with 5 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus.)

Gas / flatulence

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Toxic farts!... about 1-2 weeks of strange, otherworldly smells... [26] [27]
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The noxious gas and runs are more common in week 3 for me. [28]
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I think i started noticing gas, diarrhea and ab pain right around week 3. Very gassy, very odorous and painful. It lasted for 2-3 weeks. [29] [30] [31]
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I had odorous and painful gas with bloating and cramps with one of the doses. Peak was between week 6-8. [32]

GERD / reflux


A few subjects have mentioned a transient post-inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] increase in stomach acid with heartburn/reflux.

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I rarely suffer gastric reflux but usually do a few days post inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus. [33]
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My mother inoculated 5HW for dust mite allergy and atopic dermatitis 2 weeks ago. At one week she started having reflux (never had before). [34]
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I've been having nighmarish GERD symptoms since about week 2, accompanied with horrible belching. [35]
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I inoculated with 10 HWhookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus at the end of September. I had zero issues and was thinking of doing a second round of ten right away. Then, in the beginning of November I suffered from a massive increase in stomach acid production, which brought on GERD and gastritis type symptoms, along with other GIGastroenterology is the branch of medicine concerned with disorders of the digestive system which includes all the organs of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (alimentary canal) from mouth to anus. Physicians practicing in this field of medicine are called gastroenterologists or GI specialists. symptoms characteristic of HWhookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus infection. It was really bad for three weeks. [36]

Headache

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On the evening of day 3 post inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with 5 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus (my first) i started feeling a bit of a headache as I went to bed. I woke up after sleeping about 2 hours with a searing headache and growing nausea. This lasted all night and all the next day. It was very intense and I couldn’t function all day. Around 8pm, however, the headache and nausea suddenly subsided and I was able to eat again and feel pretty normal. [37]

Hives

See Rashes and itching distant from the inoculation site, below.

Hypersensitivity to foods, drinks

Alcohol intolerance

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(My alcohol intolerance) was severe (vomiting, stomach cramps) and first occurred at the 8 week point after my first innoculation of 35 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus (for skin allergies). I don't drink much anyway, but it happened 3 times over 2 weeks (at which point I avoided alcohol for the next 3 months). I re-inoculated 10 weeks ago but haven't had the problem recur. [38]
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Both me and my mother experienced alcohol intolerance after doses of 5 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus. We both had cramping and pain - a very strong and immediate response that I discovered as soon as I sipped at a beer 1 month in. (Via private communication.)

A few others have reported abdominal pain after drinking alcohol, including three bouts of almost instant burning pain below the navel at 5 weeks after inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with with 25 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus [39] and two incidents of mild to severe stomach pain at 4-5 months after inoculating with 20 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus. [40]

As with all hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. side effects, this experience does not persist indefinitely, and there's much to look forward to once the worms have settled in!

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Just want to chime in and say after hosting HWshookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus for 9 months I can drink alcohol which I could not do perviously. Beer is good again. [41]
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I find that I am MUCH less likely to be hungover after drinking the night before while hosting worms. [42]

Caffeine intolerance

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I was very sensitive to caffeine and alcohol during peak NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus side effect period. [43]
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I took a caffeine pill yesterday (200 mg) and all my symptoms immediately came back with a vengeance. I’m at week 5 of my second dose. [44]

Food intolerance

A few medical practitioners have noticed an increased rate of chicken and duck egg intolerance appearing in patients after their first inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin.. People who normally eat a lot of eggs without issue have noted intensified acute abdominal cramping, especially at the 6 week mark and, in some individuals, this has even persisted for several months, In one case, a patient had extremely severe reactions to egg for a whole year, experiencing incapacitating bouts of abdominal cramping that would last for several hours but then resolve on their own. This reaction did eventually subside, and, by the 2nd year post inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation], this patient was able to resume eating eggs without any issue. This phenomenon has led some clinicians to recommend patients to avoid eggs following inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation], especially around the 6th week, to minimize the risk of increased abdominal symptoms that are typical at that period post inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation]. The egg intolerance appears to induce or worsen abdominal cramping acutely after eating, within one hour, and then subside without other incident.

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I was able to eat eggs again after 2.5 years. I don’t eat them every day as I used to, but am now ok eating them several days per week. [45]

Self-treaters have reported the following additional transient food intolerances following inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation].

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Before HThelminthic therapy, I was only intolerant to dairy and gluten. With my first inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] (5 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus) I become intolerant to rice. Now with my second inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] - beans and probably buckwheat... [46]
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Prior to hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. I only had problems with gluten and occasionally dairy. But about 3 weeks after inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] (with 25 larvaeThe active immature form of an insect, or an animal such as a helminth, which develops from an egg and eventually transforms again into its adult state.) I started reacting to what seemed like almost all foods. And at exactly 12 weeks it dropped off and now, at about 15 weeks, I'm fine with all other foods again. [47]

Hypotension (reduced blood pressure) / lightheadedness

Several people have reported a reduction in blood pressure, e.g., as reported here.

A few have described becoming light headed.

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I just inoculated (with 20 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus) and within 5 minutes, I felt the itch! Another 10 minutes and I got light headed, I'm now lying on the couch -- head spinning. [48]
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I’ve been lightheaded for a couple of days, especially when standing up, and I've never had that before... I'm a couple weeks in. [49]
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I, too, have had several low blood pressure events recently. I'm 2½ weeks into hosting 25 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus. I have gone through several phases in my life when I have gotten dizzy due to low blood pressure. [50]
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I’m one month in with 5 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus and for two days I felt lightheaded like if I was going to faint, then it went away and came back a week later. (Via private communication.)

Infections, exacerbation of

Herpes virus reactivation

One self-treaterSomeone who treats their own disease or condition without medical assistance. with no history of cold sores had a serious outbreak of Herpes type 1 virus a few weeks after his first dose of 5 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus. This was diagnosed as eczema herpeticum, and the individual was hospitalised for 2 days.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) exacerbation

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I'm 10 weeks post inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] (with 10 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus) and my UTI and related symptoms have been through the roof for the last 5 or 6 weeks. [51]
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In week 4 or 5 after my first inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with 3NA, I did notice some incipient UTI symptoms as well as some incipient yeast infection symptoms, but these never became full blown infections. [52]

Insect bites, increased reaction to

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I usually don't react much to mosquito bites at all but for a couple weeks (probably around week 7) I was getting big itchy bumps that seemed to take forever to go away. I'm at 12 and a half weeks now after my first inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] of five NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus and mosquitoes aren't bothering me anymore. [53] [54]
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At week 7, have been getting huge bumps from mosquito bites on my legs and back. Tree bites is like 5 cm in diameter, usually i dont react to this. [55]

Insomnia / hypersomnia

See the following separate page section.

Menstrual issues

(Also see, Helminthic therapy and menstruation.)

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My menstrual cycle has changed and I've been having acne break outs on my face and chest since shortly after my first NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus dose. [56] I've had lighter and shorter periods with more spotting, fewer PMS symptoms, and the acne. [57]
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I am 12 weeks in on first dose with 3NA. I have found that during these past three months, my PMS was worsened to what it was when I was a teenager - namely, irritability (verging on blind rage!) and terrible back pain, so bad I could not stand up straight for a couple of days. [58]

Nausea

One hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. host felt so dizzy and nauseous at work, she couldn't drive home until it passed. [59]

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It lasted almost all day for a few days around week 5-6 but then as I got more towards weeks 7-9 it seemed to be 2 to 3x per day. Definitely more intense early on. [60]

Oral symptoms

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... mouth pain 3 to 4 weeks after innoculating (25 hwhookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus). Feels kind of like I burned the roof of my mouth. [61]
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At 6 weeks (post-inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus) burned like tongue feeling. Not the roof of the mouth. [62]
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I had lingua geographica (geographic tongue) for the first time in my life after my third dose of NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus. It disappeared in a week. No treatment needed. [63] [64]

Two people have reported a consistent “needing to clear throat” feeling at around 13-16 days. [65] [66]

Pain

For more detail about people's experience of aches and pains following inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus, see this Support group poll and this related thread.

Abdominal pain

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I would get cramps for two days with each dose. I just laid face down with a heating pad on my gut and it helped a lot. [67]
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I'm at week 7 and only took 8 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus. I'm having stomach aches after almost every meal. [68]
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The only abdominal pain I felt around week 6 was for 2 days and it was intense muscle contractions/cramping of my entire abdomen. This was different from GIGastroenterology is the branch of medicine concerned with disorders of the digestive system which includes all the organs of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (alimentary canal) from mouth to anus. Physicians practicing in this field of medicine are called gastroenterologists or GI specialists.-distress associated with my IBSIrritable bowel syndrome is a widespread condition involving recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhoea or constipation. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irritable_Bowel_Syndrome Wikipedia:Irritable Bowel Syndrome], which was more localized/rumbly/gas-pain that came and went. The HThelminthic therapy cramping was nearly constant and felt like I was doing a painful crunch/sit-up that engaged my entire core. [69]
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Two mornings in a row (at 6 weeks post inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with 20 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus) I have had incredible pain in my abdomen - and I can't exactly pinpoint where it is located… It lasts 30 minutes or so, but during that time it is so bad I can't even describe… The pain resembles the pain I tend to feel as a result of my very painful endometriosis… But I normally only suffer from endometriosis once per month - and certainly not at this time of the month. And certainly not 2 days in a row for 30 minutes at the same time in the morning. I can only come up with the explanation that it must be the worms… The pain is so intense I feel like jumping from a roof at that very moment. [70]
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I had pretty extreme stomach pain at times. But my illness involves stomach pain. Now that I think back and I’m out of the woods I think it was totally worth it! [71]
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I recall experiencing what I would describe as an occasional (not constant) definite, though mild, gnawing sensation in the middle of my belly from about six weeks following inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus to about five or six months post inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation]. As I was noticing steady improvement in my severe allergy and asthma symptoms, and expected to have some abdominal symptoms with HWT, for me, the gnawing sensation was encouraging, and never a real problem. [72]

Joint pain

Joint pain may be experienced by a few, especially when this was a problem prior to inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation].

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My mother inoculated 5HW for dust mite allergy and atopic dermatitis 2 weeks ago. At one week she started having... joint pain (the kind you experience when you have flu, or a fever) and light flu-like fatigue and fever. [73]
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I’ve been on HWhookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus and WWwhipworm, referring either to the human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura, or the porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis for 45 days. The first 18 days were easy. Then, on day 19, I was hit with crushing fatigue for eight days…Throughout, I'd been having some joint pain (and have been for years) but it was bearable, but around day 36 the joint pain became awful -- by far the most unpleasant side-effect of the worms I've had yet -- and I'm used to a certain level of joint pain. This is truly horrible. [74]
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At around the 7 week stage I developed strong and scary neuropathic symptoms in my feet and hands. And joint pain especially in my fingers. [75]
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I had painful tingling in my fingers, legs, arms and feet that I described in my journal as "almost like thousands of piranha’s nibbling under my skin." I also noted "a jumpiness that feels cellular". Along with this symptom I also had severe joint pain. Lower back, ankles, neck and one knee. The worst of all of this started around week 8 after my first ever inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with 5 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus. The symptoms finally started to taper off gradually around week 11. I am now at week 14 and all of these sensations are completely gone. [76]

Neck pain/ache

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Before taking helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] i suffered from chronic severe neck pain... When i took my first and so far only dose of NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus, the neck pain flare up occurred now and then during the initial ten weeks, but it eventually went away. Basically its gone for good as far as i can tell. [77] [78]
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My 10 year old son using 5 HWhookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus for dog dander allergies experienced neck ache for a short period on day 4 and 5 after inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation]. [79]

Pelvic pain

One female subject reported pelvic discomfort on days 23 and 24 - not so much a pain as a “menstrual feeling”, as though she was about to start a period. [80]

Rashes and itching distant from the inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] site

(For the rash at the inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] site and the itching associated with this, see The hookworm inoculation rash.)

Several people have reported transient skin manifestations away from the inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] site, such as mild rashes, or “weird bumpy hives”, on the neck and face, a "sunburn feeling” (in the absence of any sun exposure), tiny bumps all over the forearms (beyond the rash site), and nocturnal "itch attacks" all over the body, all of which can appear from day 3 onwards but usually resolve by the tenth week.

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The very first dose, I got itchy welts all over my body. The itchy puffy skin lasted two weeks then disappeared and has not occurred again. [81]

One individual experienced a full body rash at about 12 days after inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation]. Describing this as being similar to contact dermatitis (small raised lumps with a tiny water blister), the individual said that he had never experienced anything like this before. [82]

Another subject, whose skin was very itchy and flared before commencing HThelminthic therapy as a result of chronic urticaria and severe eczema, reported, at 14 days after an initial dose of 35 hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin.:

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My skin is out of control with itching and inflammation. I look like a toad. My eyelids are swollen and I'm red everywhere on my upper body. Face, neck, arms, hands. All of the same places that are normally affected but now the hives are closer together and connecting. I just can't stop scratching.

And yet another subject got a rash across his back following a supplementary inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation], [83] while someone else had a rash on her chest for several days, a few weeks into her second dose of 40 hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin.. [84]

Others have had similar experiences up to 10 weeks post inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation].

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After about 3 weeks, I had very dramatic skin flare ups (eczema and urticaria -- the conditions I'm treating) mild joint pain, and also tingling in my hands and wrists. [85]
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I developed hives and rashes a week or two past the 21 day point/molt. My doctor suggested that high eosinophilsEosinophils are a specialised type of white blood cell with a variety of both harmful and beneficial functions. Their numbers rise temporarily following inoculation with helminths. might be responsible. If I had any sensitivity high eosinophilsEosinophils are a specialised type of white blood cell with a variety of both harmful and beneficial functions. Their numbers rise temporarily following inoculation with helminths. could cause hives in cases where it wouldn't ordinarily. [86]

One subject reported developing a rash on her face at around 4 weeks.

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I'm always suffering rashes. Never on my cheeks though. That was a very strange one. Not itchy at all and I just knew it had to be the immune response to my new friends. [87]
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I'm at 5.5 weeks post inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] and I've been getting a weird rash on my face. It almost looks like my facing is breaking out with pimples, which is weird because I've always had very clear skin with no breakouts. [88]

At 7 weeks after inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with 50 hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin., one individual had a rash appear, literally overnight, about 2 inches above his waistline. [89]

 And another developed a facial rash at 10 weeks, on two separate occasions after doses of 75 and 50.

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… a few years ago around Fall/Winter season, I woke with an odd red patch on my face, straddling my upper lip and cheek, just on one side…Flash forward to today, I've been having this same weird redness on my face. Now it's on the other side, and my chin. I determined it's "perioral dermatitis", which is a mystery to dermatologists… So I checked my calendar in 2012 when this first happened. Lo and behold I'd done a 75 hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. top-off, about 10 weeks before it developed. That's exactly where I'm at in the current hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. cycle, so I think it's safe to say one of my side effects from NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus is perioral dermatitis. [90]
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I introduced 6 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus 13 days ago. (Applied them to my leg; I still have itchy welts in the area.) Six or seven days later, I developed similar itchy welts on my arms and back. [91]
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My hives got worse when I started HThelminthic therapy. Seems to be settled down now though at 2+ years. LDNlow-dose naltrexone. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Low-dose_naltrexone Wikipedia:Low-dose naltrexone] helped bridge the gap. [92]

Recapitulation of old injuries, illnesses

A remarkable side effect phenomenon that can appear following helminth inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] is a "strange, mysterious and magical" reappearance of symptoms from old injuries and illnesses.

This was reported by someone who inoculated with TSOthe ova (eggs) of the porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis a few weeks after a bout of pneumonia:

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I took my very first dose of TSOthe ova (eggs) of the porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis three hours ago (for Hashimoto's and psoriatic arthritis) and my lungs are killing me. Out of nowhere. Really bad pain, almost burning sensation. [93]

Someone who followed two doses of 35 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus with a dose of 45, reported that this larger dose caused a reappearance of pain from past injuries.

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... the finger I broke last year is killing me, my TMJ is flaring, my knee is all screwy (high school thing), another finger someone hit with a cymbal in high school hurts, and the wrist I broke 28 freaking years ago is acting up. [94]

Other self-treaters using NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus have had similar experiences.

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My first inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] (5NA) I ended up with weird symptoms I hadn't experienced for YEARS. Full blown reactions. [95]
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I had "brain zaps" briefly this morning, 32 days into inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with 3NA. These are a common side effect of SSRI (antidepressant) withdrawal that I used to get when I lowered my dose or forgot to take a pill that day. It is a very distinctive feeling! (I’ve been off SSRIs for about a decade.) [96]
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The first and second time I dosed with NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus, I got scared by some disease symptoms I hadn't seen for maybe 10 years. They dissipated after 12 weeks. Now, on my 3rd dose, I'm not having symptoms from 10 years ago but I'm having symptoms I used to have as a child (from 25-30 years ago). [97]
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... then this morning I started having back spasms - real brief intense spasms that hunch me over, knock my breath out, and then are gone. I've had these super randomly in the past (like 3 spasms a year), but I just had 4 within 20 minutes this morning. [98]
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One week after my 2nd innocualation of 5 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus, I'm having a return of old pains symptoms. Yesterday, my leg was killing me! Had problems walking....then I remembered, oh yeah....I fell when walking the dog back in March, and bruised the bone. Still have a small bump. Today my jaw is aching! Oh no....I must have cracked "another" molar. But no....in the same spot? It's just an old symptom. Having a cracked molar (hidden by a filling, not visible by xrays) for 3 or 4 months was agony. This worm journey is so interesting! [99]
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I've been on HThelminthic therapy for 2+ years, so maybe 9 doses (of NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus). This last time, I felt a heavy, aching soreness all up and down my right arm, and a pain near my elbow. I became seriously alarmed that I might be developing some symptoms of MSMultiple sclerosis (also known as disseminated sclerosis) is a chronic, typically progressive disease involving damage to the sheaths of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, whose symptoms may include numbness, impairment of speech and of muscular coordination, blurred vision and severe fatigue. or Parkinson's or something, because it felt like a strain to lift my arm. Then I remembered breaking my right arm at age 9 after a fall from a fast-moving horse. So strange and mysterious and magical to revisit these cellular body memories through the helminth experience. It went away after a couple of days... [100]
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I developed pemphigoid of pregnancy 27 years ago, resolved with treatment. I developed pemphigoid on my hands 3 years ago, resolved with treatment. Now (after inoculating with NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus) I have it again on my face. [101]
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When I was younger… my left ribcage locked up and breathing/moving hurt really bad. (This precordial catch syndrome) would always pass eventually. As my PANS got a bit better as I grew up, these incidents essentially disappeared. After inoculating with 3NA three weeks ago, I have had several "lock-ups" of my left heart area that hurt when I breathe and move but go away in a few minutes, like when I was a kid. [102]

Someone else who experienced this phenomenon reported a recapitulation of the pain from all the injuries, and the symptoms of all the diseases that he had ever had, including nerve pain from an auto accident 10 years earlier and an Achilles tendon injury at the age of 8. These all began to appear within a week of his first inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] with NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus and lasted around a month, causing pain in seemingly every part of his body.

Like other inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] side effects, these mysterious reappearances of old illnesses and injuries don't last very long, and are usually gone within 12 weeks, although it is also possible to experience this phenomenon after supplementary doses.

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Wow these things are mysterious! Each successive dose, I seem to go though later periods of my illness. I’m at the most recent one: severe and long lasting reactions to trace gluten. [103]

Sense of smell, enhancement of

This "side effect" is sometimes evident from around 5 or 6 weeks post inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation].

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My latest symptom — at almost six weeks — is heightened sense of smell. I can literally smell the chlorine in tap water, which I don’t drink BTW, and subtle scents in clothes, towels, cloth napkins, etc. I can also taste the subtle differences in water. The spring water at my office tastes different than the filtered water I use at home. If water sits in a glass for any length of time, I can tell exactly which scents it has absorbed. At the moment, I could tell you what my downstairs neighbor is cooking for dinner! It’s incredible. Before, my sense of smell was pretty horrible, honestly. I couldn’t smell much of anything. Right now, I could get a job as a wine taster — if I could get rid of my histamine intolerance! [104]
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A couple of days ago I went to an excercise class with a small group of ladies and I could smell the burning oils and the yoga mats and the blankets and the tea they were drinking. It has been decades since I could smell like that (I can’t remember the last time) and the only thing that I’ve done differently is start hosting (NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus) about 5 weeks ago so I guess it may be the worms. [105]

SIBO

Although helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. can improve SIBO in the longer term, [106] there has been one case where each new dose of NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus has produced a temporary SIBO flare.

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I may be a special case, as for me NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus always trigger a bout of SIBO. I usually have to do a fully ketogenic diet for a few weeks, then it settles down. [107] (Also see [108] and [109])

Sleep issues

Some self-treaters have reported temporary insomnia, while a few others have experienced hypersomnia. For more details, see Helminthic therapy and sleep.

Throat constriction

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I received a dose of 35 HWhookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus about 3 weeks ago and last night I awoke gasping for air because my throat had closed up. It was a harrowing experience that lasted about a minute as I was unable to breathe. [110]
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Exactly 5 days post inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] (with 25 NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus), I awoke in the middle of the night thinking someone was choking me. My throat was burning and closing up fast, causing my breath to rasp in my chest. [111]
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My throat closed while eating several times (5 weeks in) after different innoculations of around 25. The first time it was quite alarming - I thought I was having an unprecedented allergic reaction. It resolves itself in a week or two, and does not happen every time I get more worms. I have been dosing for 3 years. [112]
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Goddamn my throat closed up this morning, didn't expect that on 5 worms (NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus) and not 70 days in! I've never experienced anything like it before. Luckily it only lasted a few seconds.

Treating the side effects

Prednisone

If necessary, inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] side effects can be quelled completely by taking prednisone/prednisolone. Those who are already taking 5 mg, or more, of this drug per day for a preexisting condition will usually not notice any inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] side effects, to the extent that they may be convinced the inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] was unsuccessful.

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… we've found that a half-pill (5 or 10 mg?) of Prednisone per day is enough to kill any of those symptoms from dosing. [113]
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I was having bad diarrhea every day from worm fluThe term commonly used to describe the set of symptoms sometimes experienced initially after inoculation with helminths (especially the hookworm, NA). Some of these symptoms mirror those caused by [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza influenza] - fever, cough, respiratory symptoms, chills, muscle or joint ache, fatigue, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting. starting around week three or four. 5mg of prednisone per day helped a lot (I'm 135 pounds). I am in week 7 now and stopped taking prednisone a few days ago (tapered off even though idk if you need to with 5mg) and feel really good. [114]
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5-10 mg/day completely alleviated my GIGastroenterology is the branch of medicine concerned with disorders of the digestive system which includes all the organs of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (alimentary canal) from mouth to anus. Physicians practicing in this field of medicine are called gastroenterologists or GI specialists. symptoms after my first inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation]... Generally, I prefer non-pharma approaches to managing my health but was really thankful for prednisone mitigate the side effects of my first dose of NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus. It made the difference between whether or not I could get off of the couch and function throughout the day. [115] (This quote includes additional details from an expired link.)

A short course of prednisone immediately following inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] can be particularly helpful for anyone with an intestinal stricture. The drug will obviate the possibility of localised inflammation making a stricture worse. Prednisone may also be appropriate if diarrhoea or fatigue persist for more than a few days, and it could be continued for a week, with a doctor's approval, followed by a taper agreed by the doctor.

Anyone who is worried about inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation] side effects could ask their doctor for a prescription for prednisone and keep this to hand for use in suppressing the side effects if these were to become troublesome. As it should only be needed for a short time, there would be no long term adverse consequences of taking this drug.

Other steroid preparations

All the side effects are related to inflammation, so anything that reduces inflammation could potentially help. Even the small amount of immunosuppression provided by a steroid nasal spray can be useful for this purpose.

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I am on week 4 of 3NA and seeing some side effects. Flonase (the sensitive kind), which I take in the spring for allergies, seems to be helping a bit. [116]

Antihistamines

The side effect mechanism is very similar to allergies, so antihistamines can help and many self-treaters have reported good results with this type of drug.

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Allergy medication helped me more than anything else because it calmed down my reaction. [117]
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Fexofenadine tempers the (epigastric) pain almost the entire day. [118]
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Taking Benadryl (antihistamine which, in the US, contains diphenhydramine) has helped a lot and keeps the (stomach) pain away for the most part. I take it several times a day. [119]

However, only worm-safe antihistamines should be used, and these are listed in the Human helminth care manual.

In addition to using the H1-antihistamines such as fexofenadine and diphenhydramine, there have been reports that H2-antihistamines such as ranitidine can also help [120] [121] [122].

Vitamin D3

Vitamin D3 has also proved to be effective for this purpose. The blogger who made the following comment used Orthomolecular Products Vitamin D3 50,000 IU - 15 Capsule Blister Pack.

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I took one pill (50,000IU vitamin D3) last Saturday and by Sunday night the nearly constant cramping had ceased! [123]
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Without vitamin D, I get only side effects from HWhookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus. With vitamin D I get more benefits than side effects. [124]
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Vitamin D is helpful for side effects. I take 50,000 IU once or twice a week when I’m feeling NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus side effects. [125]

Low-dose naltrexone (LDNlow-dose naltrexone. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Low-dose_naltrexone Wikipedia:Low-dose naltrexone])

Low-dose naltrexone (LDN) looks promising as another means of offsetting symptoms during this side-effect phase.

Loperamide

Diarrhoea usually responds well to a standard diarrhoea relief preparation such as loperamide.

Paracetamol

In theory, ibuprofen should work well, as it is an anti-inflammatory but, in practice, it is unlikely to help and may even make things worse. Like Naprosen, and other NSAIDs, ibuprofen is notorious for being hard on the stomach and gut. Paracetamol might be better.

Colony reduction

In cases of severe side effects caused by inoculating with too many larvaeThe active immature form of an insect, or an animal such as a helminth, which develops from an egg and eventually transforms again into its adult state., it may be necessary to terminate the hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. infection and start over with a smaller number of larvaeThe active immature form of an insect, or an animal such as a helminth, which develops from an egg and eventually transforms again into its adult state., or at least to cull part of the colony. See Reducing the size of a hookworm colony.

NB. None of the above is medical advice, and drugs like prednisone are prescription-only medications that should only be used with the guidance of a doctor. Please see the Disclaimer page.

See also