Introduction to helminthic therapy

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If you are currently not well enough to read through the rest of this page, you could begin, instead, with the simpler introduction to this therapy that is presented on the website of one of our editors, the Colony of Me. When you are feeling better and have explored the Colony of Me, you can return to the more in-depth information below and in the rest of this wiki.

Helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. is the reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualisticMutualism is a type of symbiotic relationship between individuals of different species where each organism benefits from the other. helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvaeThe active immature form of an insect, or an animal such as a helminth, which develops from an egg and eventually transforms again into its adult state. to treat and prevent disease. The eukaryotic symbiontsSymbiosis is a close, long-term relationship between organisms of different species. Helminths are obligatory symbionts because they depend entirely on their host for survival, and they are also ectosymbionts because they live on their host’s body surface, albeit the inner surface of the digestive tract. The species used in helminthic therapy are also mutualists. that are used are a type of organism with which people living in developed countries have gradually lost contact during the past 150 years as a result of the increasing use of shoes and toilets, and of changes in medical, agricultural and food preparation and storage practices.

Viewed from a medical perspective, helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. is an experimental form of immunotherapy used in the treatment of chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. It can also be seen simply as a form of probioticMicroorganisms that are believed to provide health benefits when consumed. treatment, using tiny animals instead of bacteria to reconstitute and enrich a depleted intestinal biome.

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We think of these worms as kind of big probioticsMicroorganisms that are believed to provide health benefits when consumed.. (Dr Paul Giacomin, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine.) [1]

It is recommended that anyone contemplating the use of helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. should read this entire page very carefully, along with the material at the links within it. This will help to increase the likelihood of a satisfactory outcome.

A brief history of helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy.

HelminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] are among the heirloom species that have coexisted and coevolved with humans and our primate ancestors over millions of years, to the point where their presence is now essential for optimal immune function. HelminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] train the developing immune system in infancy and continue to regulate immunity throughout adulthood for as long as they remain with us.

Evidence pointing to the importance of helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] for human health began to emerge in the 1970s, and included a report of higher levels of allergic disease in urban communities than in rural indigenous areas where levels of helminth infection were much higher. [2]

By 1990, it had become clear from further scientific studies that, while autoimmune, inflammatory and allergic conditions have escalated in developed countries during the past century, they have remained much less common in parts of the world where helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] are still prevalent. It was this realisation that gave rise to the idea of reintroducing helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] into patients who have developed one or more of these conditions, in the hope that this intervention might rebalance their immune system and restore their health. The first indication that this might be an effective approach had already appeared in the Lancet in 1976, when a researcher had reported putting his own seasonal allergies into remission by infecting himself with hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin.. [3]

Researchers began to consider the importance to health of what has become known as the microbiome, and the theories formed by these pioneers have been refined through several stages, each being given a new title, viz. the Hygiene Hypothesis, the Old Friends' Hypothesis and, most recently, Evolutionary Mismatch Theory and Biome Depletion Theory/ Biota Alteration Theory.

During this process, helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] have been identified as being of special significance, and they are now considered to be keystone species of the human multibiome, with profound importance for health. So much so that there are calls for them to be employed not only as a treatment for established disease, but also as a preventative to help eliminate the epidemics of allergic, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases that are today afflicting the populations of developed countries, and possibly also to offer protection against many degenerative diseases such as atherosclerosis, diabetes and cancer.

Most members of the medical profession remain sceptical about the use of live helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths], and some are overtly hostile, with the result that the use of these organisms in medical practice is being delayed until validated in each target disease by clinical trials. Unfortunately, where helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] have been the subject of studies, these have often employed methods that were designed to test pharmaceutical products and are unsuitable for the assessment of a natural therapeutic, especially one whose beneficial effects do not become consistent for at least twelve weeks - the typical duration of drug trials - and, in a few cases, have taken as long as two years to materialise. Unsurprisingly, some of these trials have failed to show efficacy, in contrast to the experience being reported by the thousands of individuals who are self-treating with helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths].

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Although self-treatmentMedication or treatment of one's own disease or condition without medical assistance. with helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] cannot be recommended by medical professionals due to a lack of blinded, placebo controlled trials, neither should it be discouraged since the available evidence suggests that it is beneficial in most cases when practiced by knowledgeable individuals. (Parker and Morey, 2015)

As a consequence of the current medical approach, millions of patients are being forced to continue to suffer the often devastating effects of immunological disorders, along with the frequently serious side effects produced by many of the pharmaceutical therapies currently prescribed to treat them. And this is in spite of the fact that four helminth species have already been identified as suitable and safe for use in therapy and are currently being used by an estimated 7,000 individuals.

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What was a costly and sometimes risky venture into the unknown, undertaken by only a few 10 years ago, is rapidly becoming a readily available and well-established resource currently used by thousands of individuals. (Cheng et al, 2015)

A wide range of inflammation-related diseases including allergic disorders, autoimmune conditions, digestive diseases, and even neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression, anxiety, migraine headaches, bipolar disorder and Parkinson’s disease, have been effectively ameliorated by self-treaters using the available therapeutic helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths]. For more than 500 reports of both success and failure using helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] to treat over 100 different conditions, see the Helminthic therapy personal stories.

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The results strongly support previous indications that helminth therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. can effectively treat a wide range of allergies, autoimmune conditions and neuropsychiatric disorders... (Liu et al, 2016)

Several of the researchers who have examined the effects of helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] on autoimmune disease admit privately that, were they or a member of their family to succumb to an autoimmune disease, they would not hesitate to use one of the available therapeutic helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths]. A few have even said this publicly.

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In developed countries, where we are well nourished, worms are potentially good... If I had Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitisUlcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which specifically affects the large intestine, or colon, causing characteristic ulcers, or open sores. The main symptom of active disease is constant diarrhea mixed with blood, of gradual onset. or multiple sclerosis, I would infect myself without hesitation. (Alex Loukas, Australian Institute of Tropical Health & Medicine, in Life On Us, 2014)

While citizen scientists continue to refine the therapeutic use of live helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths], the vast majority of medical researchers have their sights set on the creation of drugs employing helminthAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths]-derived molecules. However, some researchers have suggested that no worm-derived pharmaceutical will ever match the efficacy of a live worm.

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It is difficult to imagine a single pharmaceutical or even a collection of pharmaceuticals that could recapitulate the vast complexity of the interaction between helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] and the host immune system. While pharmaceuticals are generally directed at one component in the immune apparatus, a single helminth species produces dozens if not more molecules that each target specific components of host immunity. (Bilbo et al, 2011)
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When you give someone a live worm, it’s like giving them the factory that makes the products and letting the factory do what it needs to do… Evolution has already created this thing. (David Elliott, University of Iowa.)

HelminthAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths]-derived pharmaceutical products are still many years away, and if and when they do become available, some, if not all of them, are likely to present adverse side effects, as are seen frequently with other single molecule drugs.

The use of live worms could greatly reduce the cost of medical treatment.

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Using worms to treat diseases could be a possible way to lower treatment costs, since the era of immunobiologic agents is responsible for a significant rise in expenses. [4]

Acceptance of helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. by the medical establishment is currently hindered by the strong pharmaceutical bias of modern Western medicine, and by an inflexible medical research system that ignores vibrant sources of new knowledge generated by activist patients such as those who have contributed to this wiki and its associated groups and blogs. [5]

However, in spite of these factors impeding acceptance, helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. is nevertheless predicted to become an essential part of healthcare in the future.

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Twenty years from now everybody is going to have a helminthAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths], and no insurance company will begin to cover you if you don’t have your helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] ... We’re very confident in the science, that every single human being needs a helminthAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths]. It’s part of our biology. (William Parker, 2016)

Helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. science

Here is a short selection of scientific papers that provide a good overview of the therapeutic potential of controlled colonisation by benign helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths].

For a full list of scientific papers and articles from the media documenting the history and development of helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. from its beginnings up until the present day, see the following pages.

Helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. safety

Helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. is very safe. For details, see the following page.

Therapeutic helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths]

For a helminth to be suitable for use in therapy, it must meet a number of generally agreed criteria. The following list is a composite drawn from several sources, including [6] & [7].

  1. should not cause disease in humans at therapeutic doses
  2. should not be a potential vector for other parasitesAn organism that lives in or on another organism (its host) and benefits at the host’s expense. (The organisms used in helminthic therapy are, strictly speaking, not parasites, but mutualists, because they have a mutually beneficial symbiotic relationship with their hosts.), viruses, or bacteria
  3. should not cause long-term symptoms in humans at therapeutic doses
  4. should not alter its behaviour in patients with depressed immunity
  5. should not be easily transmissible from the host to other people
  6. should not be able to reproduce in a host, and thus prevent dosage from being controlled
  7. should be easily eradicated from the host, if required
  8. should be compatible with commonly used medications
  9. should be easy to administer
  10. should be amenable to production in large numbers
  11. should be amenable to storage and transportation

There are currently four types of helminth available commercially for use in self-treatmentMedication or treatment of one's own disease or condition without medical assistance.. All of these meet the above criteria.

  1. Pig whipwormA helminth with a tapering whiplike body that lives in the colon. In helminthic therapy, the microscopic eggs of either the human Trichuris trichiura (TTO) or pig Trichuris suis (TSO) are taken in a drink., Trichuris suis (TSthe porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis)
    Introduced for therapy in 2004. Sold as ova (TSOthe ova (eggs) of the porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis) and taken as a drink.
  2. Human hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin., Necator americanus (NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus)
    Introduced for therapy in 2006. Sold as microscopic larvaeThe active immature form of an insect, or an animal such as a helminth, which develops from an egg and eventually transforms again into its adult state. which are applied to the skin.
  3. Human whipwormA helminth with a tapering whiplike body that lives in the colon. In helminthic therapy, the microscopic eggs of either the human Trichuris trichiura (TTO) or pig Trichuris suis (TSO) are taken in a drink., Trichuris trichiura (TTthe human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura)
    Introduced for therapy in 2009. Sold as ova (TTOthe ova (eggs) of the human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura) and taken in a drink.
  4. Rat tapewormA helminth with a flat, ribbon-like, segmented body. Only the murine (rat) tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta, is used in helminthic therapy and this generally does not reach adulthood in humans so requires regular dosing of HDC., Hymenolepis diminuta (HDHymenolepis diminuta, a murine (rat) tapeworm.)
    Introduced for therapy in 2011. Sold as cysticercoids (HDCHymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta) and taken in a drink.

Choosing a therapeutic helminthAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths]

See the separate page:

Helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. in practice

Helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. is contraindicated for people with certain conditions.

Some conditions require a much more gradual approach to dosing.

The guidelines offered on this site for the therapeutic use of NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus, HDCHymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta and TSOthe ova (eggs) of the porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis are essential reading for anyone considering self-treatmentMedication or treatment of one's own disease or condition without medical assistance. with these species.

Self-treatmentMedication or treatment of one's own disease or condition without medical assistance. with helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] is very individual so, even with guidance, it can take a while to establish the ideal dosing regimen.

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I now realise that the dosage, intervals and maintenance of Helminthic Therapy is ongoing and requires lots of attention, which if I’m being honest I wasn’t expecting.
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Self treatment is hard. I'm still figuring out the right species and number of worms best for me, 5 years into this. For some of us, it's much more complicated than 'take worms, get better.'

Helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. is typically very slow to deliver benefits when compared with drugs. For the majority who do respond, significant and consistent improvements do not usually materialise until at least 3 months after the first inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation], with most people only seeing improvement in their condition between 3 and 5 months. Some may only start to improve between 6 and 12 months and a few may even have to wait for as long as 18-24 months.

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18 month update. After hitting the one year mark with no improvement I was starting to get discouraged… Finally, a couple weeks ago, everything changed. I was able to eat regular foods again. [8]
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I was a year and a half into HThelminthic therapy and flaring. My GIGastroenterology is the branch of medicine concerned with disorders of the digestive system which includes all the organs of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (alimentary canal) from mouth to anus. Physicians practicing in this field of medicine are called gastroenterologists or GI specialists. wouldn't do my colonoscopy because I was so inflamed he thought I would perf. He thought I should be admitted for IV steroids and started on Remicade. (but, at almost 2 years) I have been in complete remission for the past two months and have never felt as good. [9]

Once improvements do begin to materialise, some people can experience a sudden and dramatic reduction in symptoms, while others may respond more gradually over a period of time, possibly three years or more. Improvements during the first 2 years are not always continuous because there can be periods of exacerbation during which symptoms may worsen again, albeit temporarily. And approximately 25% of those who try helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. do not respond at all.

Helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. is also not a one-size-fits-all solution, nor a one dose fix. Dosing needs to be tailored to the unique needs of each individual, and continued indefinitely in the vast majority of cases.

It is not yet possible to predict exactly who is likely to benefit from helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy., but statistics compiled from responses to a survey carried out by one provider of NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus showed that 70-80% of those who self-treated with this species experienced an improvement in their health. [10][11][12] The report of a survey conducted by researchers at Duke University showed that treatment with HDCHymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta was effective in more than 90% of cases, although this apparently higher efficacy of HDCHymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta in comparison with NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus is likely to be at least partly due to the fact that users of HDCHymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta tend to be relatively less ill than those who use other therapeutic helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths].

Helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. is not always a complete solution on its own, and some self-treaters need to combine this therapy with other treatments, either complementary or pharmaceutical. For example, one self-treaterSomeone who treats their own disease or condition without medical assistance. has said:

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My personal efficacy is quite low without entocort. Without it, I need to take the HDCHymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta about weekly to get any effect on my sinuses, and the effect still isn't as good as with it.

There are many examples of both successful and unsuccessful outcomes in the Helminthic therapy personal stories collection, which presents thumbnails and links to more than 600 accounts by people who have used helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. to treat over 130 different medical conditions.

Since this therapy is still at the experimental stage, there are not yet any definitive guidelines for its use and there are very few doctors who understand helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy., let alone have any practical experience with it. A few medics are using HDCHymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta in some client groups, especially children with autism (video) and a few doctors may recommend that patients with various autoimmune conditions try TSOthe ova (eggs) of the porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis. There is also a small but growing number of doctors, especially naturopathic practitioners, who are recommending the use of NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus and a few doctors have become sufficiently knowledgeable to be able to advise self-treaters. (See Helminthic therapy practitioners.)

The helminth providers are another valuable source of information and guidance, although no one company sells or has experience with all four helminth species, so they are unlikely to be able to match the objectivity or breadth of information found in this wiki, which offers a balanced assessment of all 4 available helminth species based on the findings of science and the first-hand experience of self-treaters. It is therefore recommended that, before proceeding with this therapy, each would-be helminth self-treaterSomeone who treats their own disease or condition without medical assistance. should make full use of this site and familiarise themselves with as much of its contents as possible.

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The only bumps I have had as a self treater, were when I didn't check the wiki. [13]

Obtaining helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths]

Newcomers to helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. will often ask in the support group for personal recommendations about the best place to buy helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths], but purchasing worms for therapy needs to be approached on an individual basis.

There are four different species of therapeutic helminth available with two different methods of application, widely differing lifespans and somewhat different effects. None of the companies who supply therapeutic helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] sell all the available species, ship to all global destinations, or accept all payment options. And, while most sell individual doses, with discounts for purchasing multiple doses at one time, a few offer long-term contracts. Therefore, details from all of the following three pages will need to be considered in conjunction in order to make the best decisions about which organism(s) will meet each user’s unique needs and circumstances, and where to purchase them.

Some would-be hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. hosts may consider traveling to an area where these worms are endemic, in the hope of acquiring their larvaeThe active immature form of an insect, or an animal such as a helminth, which develops from an egg and eventually transforms again into its adult state. at zero cost in the same way that the locals do - by walking barefoot in open-air latrines. For a number of reasons, this is a not a good idea, as is explained here by the only Westerner who has ever done this.

Working with a doctor

At the present time, helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. is not approved as a medical treatment anywhere in the world, so doctors face the possibility of losing their medical licence if they become involved In its use. Fortunately, helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. does not need to be doctor-led because, in practice, it is little different from taking a probioticMicroorganisms that are believed to provide health benefits when consumed., which most people do without involving a doctor.

One of the purposes of this wiki is to provide everything that the helminth self-treaterSomeone who treats their own disease or condition without medical assistance. needs in order to use this therapy safely, but it is essential that would-be users familiarise themselves fully with all the site’s contents before commencing their treatment.

While a doctor's involvement is not essential, it can be helpful to have medical support available during the early stages of helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy.. For example, a doctor will be able to prescribe an immunosuppressant drug to ease helminth side effects if these were to become troublesome, or prescribe an anthelminthic drug if termination of a worm colony became necessary. But exactly how much to involve a physician is a matter for each self-treaterSomeone who treats their own disease or condition without medical assistance. to decide for themselves, based on their knowledge of their own practitioner.

Some doctors, especially naturopathic ones, may be willing to recommend helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. and become involved in its use, and a few may act as an intermediary in the supply of helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] to their patients. However, most doctors are poorly informed about helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy., and even those who do have some understanding of it can sometimes give their patients incorrect advice. For example, one patient was told by a doctor that worms won’t work in someone who has SIBO, which is not the case. (See Helminthic therapy and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)).

If a doctor offers to supply helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths], their prices should be checked against those of the online helminth providers, who will likely be considerably cheaper. Some doctors have claimed that the worms they supply are “stronger”, more effective, or even safer, than those available online, but the only possible difference is between fresh HDCHymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta and commercially prepared HDCHymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta, and correct dosing with commercially prepared HDCHymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta fully compensates for their slightly reduced effect in comparison with fresh HDCHymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta. See Dosing with HDC.

Most doctors are dismissive of helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy., some are even hostile to its use, and many intensely dislike patients taking matters into their own hands to try any experimental treatment. Fortunately, all that is required from a doctor is that, while the patient is using helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy., they continue to provide the routine medical care that they would normally provide.

If a helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. self-treaterSomeone who treats their own disease or condition without medical assistance. decides to tell their doctor what they are doing, the language used can be important because, if a doctor thinks that their permission, approval or cooperation is being sought, they may feel they have no choice but to refuse to become involved in any way. To avoid placing a doctor in a difficult position, they can simply be informed by the patient of their intention to pursue the therapy. This lets the doctor off the hook and gives them the option of ending the relationship if they feel uncomfortable about it.

Doctors should certainly not disparage this therapy nor try to dissuade their patients from using it, especially if they are not fully conversant with the therapy. Any physician who does arbitrarily discourage self-treatmentMedication or treatment of one's own disease or condition without medical assistance. with helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths], in disregard of all the available research and anecdotal evidence would clearly be violating the Hippocratic principle of primum non nocere (first, do no harm) and, in acting in this way, would arguably be committing medical abuse.

One patient who took copies of a few selected scientific papers to show her doctor, and explained what she’d learned about the therapy, reported that, after glancing through the literature, the doctor responded as follows.

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I cannot officially recommend this as treatment, or treat you with this, but, in your case i think this is a great idea. The risks seem minimal. I see no threat to your health, and I’m happy to run any monitoring testing you want. Just let me know. [14]

Here are two comments by other patients who have found their doctors to be supportive of their decision to try helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy..

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I told my GP and he was totally fine. He even agreed to allow me a test for anemia down the line. [15]
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My neurologist is totally on board and thinks I am brave for doing it. [16]

A helminth self-treaterSomeone who treats their own disease or condition without medical assistance. whose doctor was not supportive found it necessary to locate a new one when he needed a prescription for prednisone to help ease the initial side effects after inoculating with too many hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin.. He did this by identifying all the most alternative and “hippie-looking” doctors in his area and emailing them. While most of them declined to help him, two agreed, and the one he selected carried out before-and-after blood tests and was willing to prescribe whatever he needed.

Another self-treaterSomeone who treats their own disease or condition without medical assistance. takes a very proactive approach when introducing the subject with a doctor.

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My drs are all well trained in what I will tolerate from them. I basically say this is the deal and I need your help monitoring general health for everything but biome. This works for 99% [17]

For further help with talking to a doctor about helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy., see the following resources.

For a list of doctors who are experienced in the use of helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. and offer remote consultations via telephone and Skype, see the following page.

Combining helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. with drug treatments

No problems have been reported by anyone starting helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. using NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus, TTOthe ova (eggs) of the human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura or TSOthe ova (eggs) of the porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis while already taking one of the immunosuppressive medications listed in the next paragraph. However, it may not be advisable for anyone to take HDCsHymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta who is severely immunosuppressed as a result of treatment with major immune-suppressive drugs, or due to HIV/AIDS or a genetic condition. [18]

Cyclosporin; synthetic corticosteroids including prednisone and its active metabolite, prednisolone; the thiopurines, azathioprine and mercaptopurine/6-MP (purinethol); the TNF inhibitors, infliximab (Remicade), adalimumab (Humira), certolizumab pegol (Cimzia) and golimumab (Simponi); humanized antibody drugs, e.g., omalizumab (Xolair); humanized monoclonal antibody drugs such as natalizumab (Tysabri); and recombinant fusion protein drugs such as etanercept (Enbrel).

It can be an advantage to be taking one of these drugs in the early stages of helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. using NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus, TTOthe ova (eggs) of the human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura or TSOthe ova (eggs) of the porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis because the drugs reduce, and often completely prevent, the transient side effects often caused by the introduction of helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths], especially NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus.

People who are already taking a daily dose of prednisone when they begin helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. - often 15 or 20 mg per day - experience little or no side effects after inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation], and those who have used this drug on a short-term basis specifically to reduce side effects have found that 5 or 10 mg per day is usually sufficient for this purpose.

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We've found that a half-pill (5 or 10 mg?) of Prednisone per day is enough to kill any of those symptoms from dosing. [19]
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I was having bad diarrhea every day from worm fluThe term commonly used to describe the set of symptoms sometimes experienced initially after inoculation with helminths (especially the hookworm, NA). Some of these symptoms mirror those caused by [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza influenza] - fever, cough, respiratory symptoms, chills, muscle or joint ache, fatigue, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting. starting around week three or four. 5mg of prednisone per day helped a lot (I'm 135 pounds). I am in week 7 now and stopped taking prednisone a few days ago (after tapering off).[20]
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5-10 mg/day completely alleviated my GIGastroenterology is the branch of medicine concerned with disorders of the digestive system which includes all the organs of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (alimentary canal) from mouth to anus. Physicians practicing in this field of medicine are called gastroenterologists or GI specialists. symptoms after my first inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation]. [21]

If prednisone is used specifically to relieve side effects, the prescribing doctor will determine a taper to wean their patient off the drug and, if the symptoms return, they may be willing to defer the taper.

Immunosuppressive drugs can help human helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] to become established by reducing intestinal inflammation, so anyone who is already on one of these drugs should resist the temptation to stop taking them too soon after introducing NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus or TTOthe ova (eggs) of the human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura. And as the majority of those who respond to this therapy don’t see significant or consistent benefits until at least 3 months after their first inoculationThe introduction of an infectious agent into an organism. [http://helminthictherapywiki.org/wiki/index.php/Helminth_inoculation Helminth inoculation], it would arguably be unwise to stop taking an immunosuppressant drug before this, whichever worm species is being used. In fact, many users have found it best to continue with the drug treatment beyond this point because some people only start to improve between 6 and 9 months, some only after 9 months, and a few not until between 18 and 24 months. And even helminth hosts who see early benefits can continue to experience periodic exacerbations or flares of their disease for up to 18 months.

In view of this wide variation in experience, each individual must decide, in consultation with their physician, how long into their therapy to continue with an immunosuppressive drug before beginning, very slowly, to taper the dose. However, one supplier of human helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] (NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus and TTthe human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura) has been very specific about this and advised waiting until at least five months have elapsed after achieving a substantial improvement in symptoms. [22]

This is particularly important for subjects with Crohn’s disease, or one of the other intestinal diseases, because they tend to have a vigorous immune response to helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths], so suddenly stopping a drug that has been keeping this response in check may cause a rebound effect that could result in a flare and, potentially, a loss of worms in the case of NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus or TTOthe ova (eggs) of the human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura.

One individual with IBDInflammatory bowel disease is a group of conditions affecting the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, particularly the colon and small intestine. The major types of IBD are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis (UC).-related arthritis found that reducing prednisone too soon caused her joints to ache and stiffen, so she continued to take azathioprine (Imuran) on its own after stopping prednisone, and this provided an intermediate step which allowed her to wean herself off drugs altogether, a process that took between 8 months and a year. [23]

A few drugs are harmful to helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths], and those that can adversely affect NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus and TTthe human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura are listed in the Human Helminth Care Manual. These drugs include oral and injected antibiotics, the effects of which can be such that there may be little point in anyone using NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus, and possibly TTthe human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura, if they need to take antibiotics regularly, or on a longterm basis. Those drugs that are incompatible with TSOthe ova (eggs) of the porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis are listed here, and those that are best avoided by users of HDCHymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta are listed briefly here.

Considering the cost of helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy.

At first sight, helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. may appear to be expensive, especially to those who live in countries with free health care, but a number of factors need to be taken into consideration, including the following.

1. Compared with other treatments used for the conditions that helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. treats, it is extremely cost-effective. For example, TSOthe ova (eggs) of the porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis, which is the most expensive of the therapeutic helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths], is only 1/5th of the cost of Remicade, and the other helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] are considerably cheaper than this.

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What we ended up paying for 3-years worked out to be cheaper than any hospital bill we would ever get. [24]
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It may sound like a lot up front, but depending on the health issues you are treating it can save money in the long run. I have been on HWshookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus for about a year and I have decreased my medication, stopped my twice monthly IV therapy that cost $145/bag, and reduced my visits to the doctor. In addition I feel better and my quality of life has improved tremendously, for which there is no price tag.
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I have actually spent more on various probioticsMicroorganisms that are believed to provide health benefits when consumed. each month.

2. There is a good chance that helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. users will be able to earn more after treatment than they could before.

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Since taking helminth therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. I am able to work, full time and then some, allowing me to make money to support myself and have a meaningful life of contribution and giving, instead of going broke, being a burden and dependent on charity. For those who think Helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. is expensive I suggest you recalculate the cost of your health care bills and the value of quality of life. I am grateful for helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. and for those who make it possible. It has literally saved my life! (From someone with Crohn’s disease.)
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Coming up to 3 year anniversary of starting Helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy.. Overall things very good. No significant relapses. Holding down very well paid job and loving it. (From someone with Multiple Sclerosis.)

3. People who smoke, and many others with a variety of interests and hobbies, often pay out far more than the cost of helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] just to provide themselves with pleasure and entertainment.
4. Please look carefully at the details for each of the companies on the Helminth providers page. There is considerable variation in what is on offer, and discounts and payment plans may be available to those who ask. You may be able to work out something more manageable if you talk to each of the providers who are offering the species of helminth that you want and are willing to ship to your location.

If you are still unhappy with the cost of helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths], you can grow your own NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus, HDCHymenolepis diminuta cysticercoids (Hi-men-o-lep'is dim-a-nu-ta sis-ti-sur-koid) - the larval cysts of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta or TTOthe ova (eggs) of the human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura. Incubating the first two of these species is well within the ability of most people if they follow the detailed instructions on the Helminth incubation page, but a single first dose will need to be purchased from a provider to start the process.

DIYDo-It-Yourself. Literally to bypass the professional and do it yourself. helminth incubation

Three of the four species of helminth that are used in therapy are suitable for DIYDo-It-Yourself. Literally to bypass the professional and do it yourself. incubation at home. See Helminth incubation. However, if you intend to incubate hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin., it is recommended that you obtain your starter dose from an established provider because this will obviate the risk of acquiring a different and possibly harmful species of worm, or some other unwanted infection, from another self-treaterSomeone who treats their own disease or condition without medical assistance.. See Hookworm incubation issues for more about these risks.

Online support

See the separate page:

Further information

Enquirers who use a search engine to locate information about helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. will find some good sources, such as research papers and the main sites of the Helminth providers. Unfortunately, mixed in amongst these are many less good sources, including a veritable graveyard of neglected websites and blogs, many of which were created several years ago by self-treaters experiencing early bursts of enthusiasm for the therapy but who have since reduced, or even ceased, their active involvement in the helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. community. Some of the information on these sites is therefore out of date and may be misleading. In a few cases, they may be perpetuating misconceptions about the therapy that date from a time when much about it was still a matter of conjecture.

Some of the larger health information websites carry pages about helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. but many of these contain factual errors, some of which can create serious misconceptions.

For example, an article on the Healthline website entitled, Helminthic Treatment for Crohn's Disease speaks of worm eggs being “injected” into patients, and helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] causing dangerous side effects over time, including anaemia, protein deficiency and stunted growth. However, none of these claims are true in the case of the four species of mutualisticMutualism is a type of symbiotic relationship between individuals of different species where each organism benefits from the other. helminth being used in small numbers in helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy., as can be seen from the following wiki pages.

Editors of this wiki have made several attempts to have the errors in the Healthline article corrected, but no one has ever responded to any communication about the article, a situation that is typical for most of the large health information websites, many of which have been acquired by pharmaceutical companies and are controlled by their representatives.

In view of these issues with online health sites, anyone who is seeking information about helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. is urged to use this wiki as their primary source. It is the definitive database of information about all aspects of the therapy and is updated daily by volunteer citizen scientists who are directly involved in pioneering its use.

External links

A helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. and microbiomeAll the microorganisms living in and on the body, or the genome of these microorganisms. "Microbiota" refers to the specific population of microorganisms living in a certain part of the body, such as the gut. These two terms are often used interchangeably. immune support resource centre that’s friendly to those who are brain fogged, exhausted or in pain.
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A pin board featuring links to more than 1,300 articles about helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy., gut health and their relationship with autoimmune diseases.
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