Helminthic therapy and nutritional deficiencies

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Home>Effects of helminthic therapy>Helminthic therapy and nutritional deficiencies

The evidence suggests that the hosting of a controlled number of symbioticSymbiosis is a close, long-term relationship between organisms of different species. Helminths are obligatory symbionts because they depend entirely on their host for survival, and they are also ectosymbionts because they live on their host’s body surface, albeit the inner surface of the digestive tract. The species used in helminthic therapy are also mutualists. helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] does not usually cause nutritional deficiencies in well nourished individuals, that it has a lower risk of doing this than blood tests and blood donation, and that it may actually improve nutritional status.

Virtually zero risk in well nourished individuals

Hosts of the hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin., Necator americanusThe species of human hookworm used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin., may be concerned that the blood drawn by their worms during feeding might cause anaemia or deficiency in other nutrients. However, these worms are too small, grow too slowly, draw too little blood (an estimated 0.03 ml per worm per day) [1] and, when used in therapy, are too few in number to deplete the stores of any essential nutrient in the vast majority of well-nourished hosts.

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Over 700 million people remain infected with hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin.… Anaemia is the only disease of consequence but is an unusual outcome in properly nourished individuals. [2]
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While medical textbooks tie parasites to problems such as vitamin deficiency, anemia and diarrhea, a critical review of the evidence suggests that most intestinal parasite infections have no negative impact in well-nourished people with low overall parasite loads. [3]

The experience of self-treaters

Several hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. self-treaters who looked at the risk of anaemia found that at least 300 worms were required to produce a noticeable effect on iron status in individuals eating a normal First World diet. [4]

In another experiment, an individual who was not taking any supplements reached 360 hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. before beginning, very slowly, to develop anaemia over the course of many months.

In posts to the online helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy. groups spanning a decade, numerous others who are self-treating with hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. have confirmed that anaemia is rarely an issue.

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I’m hosting about 225 hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. now. No signs of anemia whatsoever, no mineral deficiencies at all. cal, mag, potassium, all good. [5]
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I have not had any difficulty in maintaining my (iron) levels since using HThelminthic therapy, and I can easily become anaemic in iron and vitamin Bs, I am watchful and have not had issues. [6]

The evidence from research

These personal experiences have been confirmed in clinical trials involving hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin..

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Although it is well recognized that heavy hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. infection causes clinically significant blood loss, the legitimate concern that experimental infection would cause anemia in patients already predisposed with Celiac disease did not eventuate. [7]

Where nutritional deficiencies are observed in subjects who are hosting hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin., the relationship is rarely causal.

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The parasitic factor etiologically was not related to the deficiencies. [8]

Other studies have also found a lack of association between soil-transmitted helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] and anaemia. [9] [10] [11]

If helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] did cause nutritional deficiencies, mankind would not have survived with worms for millions of years, and it’s also worth remembering that light infections with human hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. and whipwormsA helminth with a tapering whiplike body that lives in the colon. In helminthic therapy, the microscopic eggs of either the human Trichuris trichiura (TTO) or pig Trichuris suis (TSO) are taken in a drink. are considered so benign by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that they don't recommend helminth removal, and, in most cases, no treatment is offered.

So, while it may be wise for hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. hosts to occasionally check their iron levels, eating a varied, nutrient-dense diet and optimising their vitamin D level [12] should ensure an adequate level of all nutrients.

However, there are individuals who have a pre-existing tendency for iron deficiency due to other causes and, in this case, there is obviously a slightly greater risk of anaemia when hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. are introduced. Also at increased risk are those who don't eat an ideal diet, so can be prone to develop deficiencies whether or not they are hosting helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths]. And anyone taking a drug or food supplement that has an anticoagulant effect, for example, aspirin, Alka-seltzer (contains aspirin), warfarin, Coumadin, Ginkgo biloba and vitamin E.

People with Crohn's diseaseAlso known as regional enteritis, this is an inflammatory disease of the intestines that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus, causing a wide variety of symptoms. It primarily causes abdominal pain, diarrhea (which may be bloody if inflammation is severe), vomiting or weight loss, but may also cause complications outside the gastrointestinal tract such as skin rashes, arthritis, inflammation of the eye, tiredness and lack of concentration. are also more susceptible to developing nutritional deficiencies as a result of reduced absorption [13] and 36% of Crohn’s patients are estimated to experience anaemia as a result of their condition. [14]

TapewormsA helminth with a flat, ribbon-like, segmented body. Only the murine (rat) tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta, is used in helminthic therapy and this generally does not reach adulthood in humans so requires regular dosing of HDC. are reputed to rob their hosts of nutrients, yet one researcher who hosts three fish tapewormsA helminth with a flat, ribbon-like, segmented body. Only the murine (rat) tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta, is used in helminthic therapy and this generally does not reach adulthood in humans so requires regular dosing of HDC. (the broad fish tapewormA helminth with a flat, ribbon-like, segmented body. Only the murine (rat) tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta, is used in helminthic therapy and this generally does not reach adulthood in humans so requires regular dosing of HDC., Diphyllobothrium latum), with a combined length of about 20 metres, reported no problems.

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Medical textbooks suggest he should be suffering a vitamin B12 deficiency by now, but tests show that he is healthy. ‘I feel wonderful,’ he says. [15]

There is also a known potential for human whipwormsA helminth with a tapering whiplike body that lives in the colon. In helminthic therapy, the microscopic eggs of either the human Trichuris trichiura (TTO) or pig Trichuris suis (TSO) are taken in a drink. to cause anaemia, although this is rare and only likely to appear over a long period of time. The type of anaemia caused in the case of whipwormsA helminth with a tapering whiplike body that lives in the colon. In helminthic therapy, the microscopic eggs of either the human Trichuris trichiura (TTO) or pig Trichuris suis (TSO) are taken in a drink. is not due to low iron, so cannot be treated by iron supplementation. It's speculated that this might be due to active suppression of the formation of blood cellular components in the bone marrow, rather than a result of bleeding. Fortunately, this phenomenon is rare in people using therapeutic doses of whipwormsA helminth with a tapering whiplike body that lives in the colon. In helminthic therapy, the microscopic eggs of either the human Trichuris trichiura (TTO) or pig Trichuris suis (TSO) are taken in a drink., and, where it does occur, may possibly be remediated by taking Erythropoietin (EPO).

Less risk from hosting helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] than from blood tests and blood donation

There is arguably greater risk of anaemia attached to blood tests [16] and blood donation than to the use of helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy..

The 1.09 liters of blood that has been estimated to be drawn each year by a colony of 100 Necator americanusThe species of human hookworm used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. (a single NAthe human hookworm, Necator americanus can take 30 microliters of blood per day [17]) is dwarfed by the 2.88 liters that an adult weighing over 100 lbs is permitted to donate annually. And researchers working in Papua New Guinea concluded:

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… inadequate uptake of iron by the subjects and blood donation by some subjects was apparently more detrimental to iron status than hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. infection... [18]

There are health benefits associated with blood donation, [19] so perhaps a continuing small blood draw by hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. might produce similar positive effects.

HelminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] can improve nutritional status

In some cases, helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] actually improve nutritional status.

A study in Cameroonian children found infection with helminthsAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths] was associated with protection against anaemia. [20]

HelminthAn intestinal worm which grows large enough to be seen with the naked eye when mature but which is microscopic when administered in helminthic therapy. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminths Wikipedia:Helminths]-infected children were found to be less anemic, less malnourished, and less likely to be malaria infected than uninfected children. [21]

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I was told that iron deficiency was a possibility, but I have actually found the opposite to be true, I think that the HWhookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus have improved my small intestine and allowed me to absorb more. I notice that my fingernail beds are no longer white but now a nice pink colour and my periods are regular for the first time in my life! <
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I had borderline anemia from time to time and after HWhookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus, approx 135, my bloods been normal the past couple years. Whether HWhookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus is the cause, idk. But definitely didn't worsen it! [22]
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I'm currently at 135 HWhookworm, usually referring to the human hookworm, Necator americanus and 375 WWwhipworm, referring either to the human whipworm, Trichuris trichiura, or the porcine (pig) whipworm, Trichuris suis. I was anemic and now I'm not!
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I used to have a carnitine deficiency and now I don't have that! Vitamin D levels are going up, too. I am at 425 whipwormA helminth with a tapering whiplike body that lives in the colon. In helminthic therapy, the microscopic eggs of either the human Trichuris trichiura (TTO) or pig Trichuris suis (TSO) are taken in a drink. and 65 hookwormA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin.. [23]
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Got my blood test results today, I am no longer malnourished! Before helminthic therapyThe reintroduction to the digestive tract of a controlled number of specially domesticated, mutualistic helminths (intestinal worms) in the form of microscopic eggs or larvae to reconstitute a depleted biome to treat and prevent chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other immunological disorders including allergy., I tried almost every supplement under the sun to fix my nutritional deficiencies. First time in about 6 years, my alkaline phosphatase levels are back to normal! This is a HUGE improvement for me because with time, I would develop a number of conditions due to a long list of deficiencies. I'm treating dysbiosis (chronic infection) with HThelminthic therapy. Asthma is gone. I have about 130 hookwormsA helminth that lives in the small intestine. Necator americanus (NA) is the only hookworm species used in helminthic therapy. Its microscopic larvae are applied periodically to the skin. now. [24]
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I have noticed my finger nails are strong for the first time in my life. Better nutrient absorption, could be? [25]

An individual with colonic Crohn’s disease who had, for 6 years, required regular infusions to maintain his iron levels, and supplements to correct a consistently low vitamin D level, reported that, three months after starting therapy with whipwormsA helminth with a tapering whiplike body that lives in the colon. In helminthic therapy, the microscopic eggs of either the human Trichuris trichiura (TTO) or pig Trichuris suis (TSO) are taken in a drink., a further blood test revealed that his iron level was by then on the high side of normal and that he was no longer vitamin D deficient.

There is a very detailed support group thread on this topic, here

See also

SimpleHTLogo(18x18).gif Helminthic Therapy Wiki: documenting the science, management, experience and results of helminth replacement therapy.